1. here, there, now, then等副词引导的句子，通常称作把时间状语，地点状语提前的倒装句，其谓语动词通常跟在时间or地点状语之后。
A controversy whether starting school day early is a better choice appears then.
变成：Then appears a controversy whether starting school day early is a better choice.
In the urban cities, an increasing number of ambitious youngsters who attempt to earn a better living live there.
变成：In the urban cities, there live an increasing number of ambitious youngsters who attempt to earn a better living.
2. 为了使描述的景象更生动，常把拟声词或away, in, out, up, down等状语放在句首，从而引起主谓全部倒装。
Down it fell from the apple tree.
The door opened, in rush the crowed.
Up went the arrow
总结1,2： here, there/now, then/in, out/up, down/ away + 谓语动词 + 主语 >>>请名师帮忙批改托福写作文章
3. 句首状语是表示地点的介词词组时，也完全倒装: 地点状语+谓语+主语
Many factories lie in urban cities.
变成：In urban cities lie many factories.
Students in a growing number study in America, for advanced educational system and diversified culture.
变成：In America study students in a growing number, for advanced educational system and diversified culture.
More citizens choose to live in a small town when they grow older.
变成：In a small town choose to live more citizens, when they grow older.
Many more young people stay at home for relaxation.
变成：At home stay many young people for relaxation.
4. 表语 放在句首，倒装结构采用：“表语+ 系动词 + 主语”
College students are anxious about their future career development, leading them to take various different part-time jobs with the hoping to cultivate techniques as many as possible.
变为：Anxious about their future career development are college students, leading them to take various different part-time jobs with the hoping to cultivate techniques as many as possible. >>>对托福写作有疑问？点击咨询
The dramatic change is taking place in China.
变成：Taking place in China is the dramatic change.
The phenomena that many kids aging from 7 to 12 years old cannot attend primary schools are gone.
变成：Gone are the phenomena that many kids aging from 7 to 12 years old cannot attend primary schools.
Both developing and developed countries are confronted with an unprecedented economic crisis.
变成：Confronted with an unprecedented economic crisis are both developing and developed countries.
The quality of infrastructure facilities in current schools is experiencing a huge improvement
变成：Experiencing a huge improvement is the quality of infrastructure facilities in current universities.
Traditional enterprises of gradual dilapidation is involved in the market of fierce competition
变成：Involved in the market of fierce competition is traditional enterprises of gradual dilapidation.
3)介词 + 系动词 + 主语：
The fatigue and distraction caused by inadequate sleep are among the main contributors to traffic accidents.
变成：Among the main contributors to traffic accidents are the fatigue and distraction caused by inadequate sleep.
Increasing teachers’ salaries is one of the most indispensable methods to facilitate the improvement of teaching efficiency.
变成：Among the most indispensable methods to facilitate the improvement of teaching efficiency is increasing teachers’ salaries.